Occupational Therapy

Speech Therapy

The primary occupation of a child is play. Through play, children learn the foundation skills necessary for success in school, among peers, and in activities of daily living. Occupational therapists assess, utilize and adapt everyday activities to improve function, enhance performance, promote health, and increase independence in children. Occupational Therapist identifies areas of need and develops creative solutions to address these areas while respecting kid's background and culture giving value to their quality of life.

Areas of Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy treatment becomes necessary when several areas of performance are affected in a child. If a child shows problems or difficulties in any one or more of the following areas, it is essential for the parent to consult an occupational therapist for evaluation:
  • Fine Motor Skills: Movement and dexterity of the small muscles in the hands and fingers.
  • Handwriting Skills: Pre-writing and writing skills.
  • Gross Motor Skills: Movement of the large muscles in the arms and legs.
  • Visual Motor Skills: A child's movement based on the perception of visual information.
  • Oral Motor Skills: Movement of muscles in the mouth, lips, tongue, and jaw, including sucking, biting, chewing and licking.
  • Self-Care Skills: Daily dressing, feeding and toilet tasks.
  • Sensory Integration: Ability to take in, sort out and respond to the input received from the world.
  • Motor Planning Skills: Ability to plan, implement and sequence motor tasks.

Assessment & Treatment by Occupational Therapists

Speech Therapy

Occupational therapist evaluates a child's skill for playing, performance at school and daily activities and compares them with what is developmentally appropriate for the age group.

The evaluation assesses a child's gross motor skills, fine motor skills, visual motor skills, handwriting skills, daily living skills, oral motor skills and sensory processing skills. The occupational therapists use standardized assessment tools, non-standardized assessment tools, parent interview and clinical observations to assess the child's performance.

Are physical therapy and occupational therapy the same?

Although both types of therapy help kids improve the quality of their lives, there are differences. Physical therapy deals with the issues of pain, strength, joint range of motion, endurance, and gross motor functioning, whereas Occupational Therapy deals more with fine motor skills, visual-perceptual skills, cognitive skills and sensory-processing deficits and ADL (Activities of Daily Living) skills.

Who will benefit from Occupational Therapy?

Children with the following medical problems may benefit from Occupational Therapy:
Speech Therapy
  • Sensory Processing/Integrative Disorders
  • Learning Disability
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorders
  • Autism and Related Disorders
  • Developmental Co-Ordination Disorder
  • Developmental Delay
  • Down syndrome and other syndromic conditions
  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Orthopedic Problems
  • Birth Injuries Or Birth Defects
  • Spina Bifida
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Other Neurological Deficits etc.
Copyright 2012 prayatna.net. All Rights Reserved.